The Kivalliq Wildlife Board (KWB) is comprised of the Chairman from each community Hunters and Trappers Organization (HTO) within the Kivalliq region; the Chairman of the KWB is elected independently from the HTOs and serves 4 year terms. The KWB has four main obligations as outlined under the Nunavut Land Claims Agreement:
- The regulation of harvesting practices and techniques among the members of HTOs in the region, including the use of non-quota limitations;
- The allocation and enforcement of regional basic needs levels and adjusted basic needs levels among HTOs in the region;
- The assignment to any person or body other than an HTO, with or without valuable consideration and conditions, of any portion of regional basic needs levels, and;
- Generally, the management of harvesting among the members of HTOs in the region.